Sunday, May 16, 2010

Kennel Cough

Kennel Cough

Tracheobronchitis is commonly known as the Kennel Cough. Which is characterized by the inflammation and congestion of the upper respiratory tract of the animal infected by the disease. The appearance and sounding of the upper respiratory tract is very terrible and one can easily make out that the dog is suffering from some ailment.
Kennel Cough is caused by the virus vectors such as canine distemper virus, canine para-influenza virus and some other canine infecting viruses. Kennel Cough is also caused by the bacteria known by the name of Bordetella bronchiseptica. The Dogs live in the kennels where they are in the close proximity of the other animals which leads to the infection getting transmitted with the help of the virus or bacteria. The most common symptoms of the Kennel Cough is vommitting due to some energy consuming activity by the animals. Other common symptoms shown by the dogs infected by the Kennel Cough is Coughing, Sneezing, Snorting and fever. The incubation period(The period required by the virus to fully develop and show the symptoms of the disease) for the virus is around three weeks.
Kennel Cough is highly contagious and the symptoms can be seen for the maximum period of 2 months. One of the main precautions which had to be taken for the dog is to see that they don't come close contact of the infected animal. if the symptoms of the Kennel Cough are prominent then take your pet dog to the veterinary doctor for check-up and treatment.

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Saturday, February 13, 2010

Kennel Cough, Dog Flu, Canine Flu, Canine Influenza

Kennel Cough, Dog Flu, Canine Flu, Canine Influenza

Kennel Cough is disease is a disease which affects the dogs mainly in the cold countries. Kennel Cough is a disease which occurs because of the inflammation of the respiratory tract of the dog which is very difficult to control and highly contagious. Kennel Cough is caused by the number of vectors such as bacteria and virus. Canine Influenza virus causes Kennel Cough, Dog Flu, Canine Flu or Canine Influenza.

Symptoms of Kennel Cough

The canine infected with kennel cough can remove this virus to other dogs in his neighborhood are closing. The virus takes 3 to 5days extension in the body of the victims. The kennel cough can lead to pneumonia. And pneumonia in dogs can be dangerous reserved. The symptoms of kennel cough are seen only 3 to 5 days after being infected, symptoms of cough include callous and dry cough, sneezing, retching and snorting after exercise or snorting in response to light pressing of trachea. Dogs fall in some cases with fever, but not all. The kennel cough lasting up to 10 to 20 days. During Kennel cough your canine can get a bit aggressive and short tempered too, it is best to leave the dog rest as much as possible to ensure rapid recovery. Dogs that are infected with kennel cough are easily prone to pneumonia too, in this case extra care and attention along with proper treatment are a necessity.

Treatment of Kennel Cough

For the treatment of kennel cough, you should take the dog and visit your regular veterinarian for malpractice in the case of kennel cough can put your dog's life in danger and the separate infection among dogs also nearby. A veterinarian immediately put the dog on antibiotics, as only an antibiotic can help boost immunity to fight viral or bacterial infection in the body of dogs. A Cough Suppressant will be given to the dog incase it is too dry cough, the cough suppressant to help relieve dry cough.

Diagnosis of Kennel Cough

Early diagnosis of kennel cough is so good that the farther gets, the severity of the cough will get worse and handling the dog will become very difficult. as soon as their is sign of disease take your pet to the animal doctor for diagnosis

Prevention of kennel Cough

For the prevention of kennel cough is recommended t vaccinate your dog for any form of viral or bacterial infections such as adenovirus, disease, influenza and Bordetella for dogs. People who have dogs kennels it is advisable to see that all dogs are vaccinated and the kennels are clean and disinfected.

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Wednesday, February 3, 2010

Dog Flu Virus Symptoms

Dog Flu Virus Symptoms

What is a Dog Flu virus?


Dog Flu Virus discovered barely 14 - 16 years back in USA. This virus is similar to that the virus of bird flu, swine flu or human flu but it has some other characteristics feature of its own. Dog flu virus can affect the dogs but this virus will not be able to cause the infections to humans unlike the other flu viruses. The mortality rate is somewhere between one percent to five percent. The death risks for the adult dogs are low but for the puppies and old dogs the fatalities are high.
Dog Flu Virus when infects a dog it shows some symptoms that are Kennel Cough, fatigue, weakness, runny nose and nasal discharge. The symptoms are such that you will easily pick up that the dog is suffering Dog Flu. This infection is caused when there are other dogs who are also infected from the disease tends to pass on the disease to the other dogs. But there is no point of danger if your dog contracts Dog Flu because the dogs immune system automatically builds the antibodies which can fight against the flu.
If you have figured out that the dog is suffering from the dog flu then you should take it to the vet and he refer a blood test and the Dog Flu is easily diagnosed. the infection is around for the period of 10 - 20 days and after that the Dog flu disappears and your dog is safe.     

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Saturday, January 30, 2010

Kennel Cough Primary Symptoms

Kennel Cough Primary Symptoms

Symptoms of Kennel Cough:

The primary and the most common symptoms of the Kennel Cough is dry cough, spasmodic caused by the pathogens that causes the inflammation of the trachea and the bronchi leading to the respiratory problems for the dogs. At the end of the coughing dog may bend and will cough up a white foamy discharge. Some dogs also develop conjunctivitis (inflammation of the membrane lining the eyelids), rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane),and nasal discharge (green or yellow coloured). Affected dogs usually remain active and alert and continue to eat well and sometimes you may think that the dog is healthy but it is otherwise, but if you suspect your dog has kennel cough, isolate him from other dogs and call your veterinarian and go for the complete checkup of the dog. so that your pet dog can be saved from the Kennel Cough.

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Kennel Cough Dog Diagnosis

Kennel Cough Dog Diagnosis

Diagnosis of Kennel Cough:

A veterinarian can easily diagnose that your dog is suffering from Kennel Cough on the basis of history, physical examination and clinical examination. Kennel Cough is a very characteristic disease which will lead to the massaging of the larynx and trachea of tour dog. If your dog is depressed he will discharge a thick and yellow discharge from the nose, it may also emit some abnormal sounds. to determine the exact serious of the Kennel Cough your veterinarian may order to undertake some other tests such as complete blood count (CBC), Chest Radio-graphs and laboratory analysis of the micro-organisms that inhibit the airways of your dog. These tests can help determine if the dog has developed pneumonia or other infectious disease like distemper in addition to the Kennel Cough.

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Kennel Cough Prevention

Kennel Cough Prevention

How to prevent Kennel Cough?

If your Dog is diagnosed with Kennel Cough he should be immunized because immunization is a important part of any program which is carried out in order to check the spread of the disease. Immunization is highly recommended for the prevention of the Kennel Cough. But when the disease is caused by multiple organisms, making the effective immunization complicated, one should focus on minimizing the exposure of your dog to the disease causing organisms. One should not share your dog's toys or feeding grounds or water with other strange dogs. And if your dog is in a kennel or in a ring, make sure it is adequately ventilated so that the airborne organisms are out and does not cause any infections to your dogs

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Kennel Cough Dog Treatment

Kennel Cough Dog Treatment

Treatment for Kennel Cough:

If your dog is sick and he shows the symptoms of the Kennel Cough, then take your dog to the veterinarian. if your dog is diagnosed withe the Kennel Cough will probably prescribe an antibiotic which is done to prevent your dog from secondary and a cough suppressant. It has been been out that in the cases persistant Kennel Cough there is a use of a antibiotic azithromycin which is usually quite effective. This medication is very effective in the treatment of mycoplasma. Of course, before administering any treatment, it is compulsory to operate a veterinary examination and there should be an appropriate diagnosis of the Kennel Cough so there so there should be a proper treatment for your dog.

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Friday, January 29, 2010

Causes of Kennel Cough

Causes of Kennel Cough

Kennel Cough Causes:

The Kennel Cough is a disease which affects the respiratory system of dogs. It can be caused by several different airborne bacteria such as Bordetella bronchiseptica and also by viruses such as canine parainfluenza or a mycoplasma (an organism that is somewhere between a virus and bacteria). Typically, more than a few of these pathogens must attack the dog at the same time to trigger the disease. Such an attack is more likely when a dog spends time in a small room in close contact with many other dogs who have these infections. Dogs that attend dog shows, who travel frequently, or dogs which leave in day care are at higher risk of developing kennel cough that dogs who spend at home most of the time.

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Thursday, January 28, 2010

Kennel Cough Mode of Transmission

Kennel Cough Mode of Transmission

Mode of transmission of the Kennel Cough:

Kennel Cough is a highly contagious disease that occurs in places where dogs are different age groups and susceptibility. For example, squares or parks where dogs are adults, street and next to a newly acquired puppy with just a few days of vaccine. The dogs also who are underfed, undernourished. The veterinary, daycare centers, research centers are also places where they can infect susceptible dogs. There may be a history of recent exposure to unfamiliar groups of dogs at a dog show or similar events.

The etiologic agents are present in high concentrations in respiratory secretions of the dogs affected by the Kennel Cough and spread by coughing or sneezing. In the case of the virus adds the intestinal tract. These also are carried on hands or clothing of persons dependent on the animal and containers of food or drink. The infectious agent enters the animal through the pharynx i.e. through the mouth or nose.

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Kennel Cough Diagnosis

Kennel Cough Diagnosis

For the proper treatment of the Kennel Cough it is highly necessary that the tests for the diagnosis of the Kennel Cough should be done properly and extent of infection should be checked.

Diagnosis Of Kennel Cough:

The case history of the dog, a proper review and history of the contacts with sick animals or infectious carriers. Healthy hoarse cough which lasts 5 to 10 days after being exposed to inappropriate environment with other dogs. Nasal discharge is mild and infrequent as severe purulent discharge is greenish yellow.

The fever may be present in more severe cases. Do not forget physical examination and chest auscultation performed correctly supervised by the vet. In laboratory blood count is done and is a leukocytosis (possible pneumonia or the most common stress suffered by the animal) and decreased lymphocytes and eosinophils. These are cells that are at the expense of the defense mechenism. It is also possible that intra tracheal cytology will increase in neutrophils. Radiographs are normal in dogs with uncomplicated disease or mild form. In more severe cases there is an interstitial pattern of infection by viruses or bacterial pneumonias occur. They tend to be isolation of infectious agents as elements of study.

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Wednesday, January 27, 2010

Kennel Cough Clinical Signs

Kennel Cough Clinical Signs

General clinical signs of Kennel Cough

The Kennel Cough sign is sharable a dry cough, hoarse and often paroxysmal, beginning at 3 to 4 days of exposure to agents and can last 10 days to 3 weeks if not resolved. Coughing spells may lead to loosening of mucus or phlegm. The cough is more frequent after exercise, excitement, or change of air temperature and inspired. The days of winter, cold in addition to ambient humidity for a walk in places are conducive to disease, especially the abrupt change from home to the cold tiles heated, moist soil.

The puppies who are under six week can get infected with the severe form of the disease, whose signs are wet cough with nasal discharge and muco-purulent eye, fever and anorexia. So stop eating, drink water, sleep more than usual, not playing and listless. About 10 to 20% of dogs with this severe form of the disease may die from Kennel Cough.

In very rare form may occur tracheo-bronchitis episode of acute infectious and result in chronic cough or chronic bronchitis induced tracheal collapse in predisposed animals. It is important to not win the animal disease has a high concentration of immunoglobulin A, which is achieved in animals in good health and proper vaccination in a timely manner.

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Kennel Cough Causes

Kennel Cough Causes

The Kennel Cough is a tracheobronchitis (inflammation of the trachea and bronchi) secondary to infection, which presents regularly with a dry cough, so that this disease is present it is imperative that the dog has suffered damage of varying degrees in their immune system.

The causes

This condition may be due to the presence of several infectious agents have the most common bacteria: Bordetella and several viruses: parainfluenza, reovirus, adenovirus, and also, although exceptional appearance, distemper virus. We must not forget that the causes must also take into account environmental factors and management of animals.

It is important to remember that these infectious agents that attack the body of the dog, it must be under defense between the decline in the strength of animal protection is paramount to the attack of microorganisms that defenses of the respiratory system of the animal from being damaged. For this to happen, in most cases previously given climate change (temperature, humidity), or even a poorly ventilated normal environment, exposure to aerosols, smoke, dust and something also of great importance. The stress that occurs in large concentrations of animals and the travel or transportation.

Among these causative agents, bacteria have a key role in the development of the disease because they have the ability to directly attack the immune system of the respiratory route. It can reduce the movement of the cilia lining the trachea, bronchi and also interferes with the defense capabilities of the cells responsible for the bacterial attack on the dog.

For more information on Kennel Cough do visit this blog again thanks for reading.

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Kennel Cough Treatment

Kennel Cough Treatment

Kennel Cough is respiratory disease affecting the dogs quite often and is no simple thing which will take its toll on the dog if the treatment for the infected dog is neglected. so, there are some treatment recommendations for the infected dogs suffering form the Kennel Cough
Treatment for Kennel Cough.

In many cases the disease disappears the same way it appeared. The Kennel Cough is a severe disease, and it is therefore no possible resolution without treatment.

At other times, and if the symptoms and the clinical status of the animal indicates so, it will be necessary to apply a treatment for your dog. In most cases this happens by the administration of antibiotics in the early stages of the disease may be useful anti-inflammatory administration to combat the annoying irritation of upper respiratory tract of the infected dog.

The animal usually evolves correctly in about seven days with the application of treatment.

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Tuesday, January 26, 2010

Dog Flu, Kennel Cough Sign

Dog Flu, Kennel Cough Sign

Canine infectious tracheobronchitis is commonly known Kennel Cough or Dog Flu and can be defined as an infectious disease that causes inflammation in the airways. This inflammation in the airways produces the symptoms of this condition par excellence: a dry cough that sometimes makes us think that our dog has eaten something and is trying to expel him in the throat. Another aspect is also very characteristic of this disease is that it is highly contagious and although in principle can be given at any time of year include increasing its impact through the winter and sudden temperature changes.

The Kennel Cough or Dog Flu is spread by direct contact with other sick dogs or through the air. Kennel Cough or Dog Flu is an infectious disease, well, to complicate things a bit more to owners of dogs, the causative agents can also be multiple, both viral (parainfluenza and adenovirus) as bacterial (Bordetella bronchiseptica). Even sometimes the process is a combination of several of these agents. The only possible prevention for Kennel Cough or Dog Flu is vaccination. So experts advise us that in addition to annually vaccinate our dogs for rabies vaccination they were also re-vaccinated every year with a heptavalent vaccine type, so in addition to protecting our dogs against most common canine diseases and / or dangerous (parvo, distemper, hepatitis and leptospirosis) also made on two of the viral agents that cause the dreaded "Dog Flu" (adenovirus and parainfluenza). However, we always would remain implement a protection against the bacteria that can cause (Bordetella bronchiseptica) and this is now remedied through intranasal vaccine against the bacteria, which recently sold a laboratory. A vaccine is easy to apply, only few drops applied to the nose of our dog. It will have total immunity against this bacterium. So if you want to make sure they did everything possible to prevent our dog is attacked by the Kennel Cough should be aware of annual revaccination with a heptavalent vaccine with intranasal vaccine for Kennel Cough.

Nevertheless, always remember that as with human processes, in some cases there may arise some complications and require the administration of antibiotics, especially in older animals, puppies or with weakened immune systems, because if complicating the process, our dog could end up with pneumonia. Hence if the recommendation of an inspection visit to our vet at the first sign of Kennel Cough.

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Thursday, January 21, 2010

Dog Flu, Kennel Cough Prophylaxis

Dog Flu, Kennel Cough Prophylaxis

Kennel Cough or Dog Flu
Many infectious agents can cause respiratory disease in dogs, including viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi and parasites. Here we frequently discuss the diagnosed respiratory disease, highly contagious in dogs, known as infectious tracheobronchitis or Kennel Cough or Dog Flu.

Make a proper plan for the vaccination of pets and observe the effect of periods to bring vaccines after walking the dog. Vaccines quintuple, quadruple in order to always ask against the immunizing agent is our mascot. In the winter meces whether to take a walk the dog but with care and time accordingly. Use straps, coat, leave for lunch or a nap, no rain day and not take puppies to places of encounter with other animals to trust your vet makes this known. Do not forget, cough bothers the dog and often the family that lives with him, then patience. For more useful information on the Dog Flu do visit our blog again

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Wednesday, January 20, 2010

Kennel Cough (Dog Flu) Prevention

Kennel Cough (Dog Flu) Prevention

The Kennel Cough or Dog Flu is tracheobronchitis (inflamed airways) secondary infection caused by bacterial agents (Bordetela) and viral (parainfluenza, reovirus, adenovirus and distemper virus exceptionally).

This disease is characterized by producing a dry cough very troublesome for both the pet and owners often describe it as "the dog wants to take something that is in the throat." Although this disease can occur in individual animals is more common in communities (boarding kennels, training centers, farms, etc).

Infection Vectors

The infection occurs through direct contact and via aerogen through droplets produced in sneezing or coughing. The lack of ventilation, exposure to aerosols, cold, stress and other environmental factors may be predisposing since all of them can impair mucociliary barrier that serves as a defense to the respiratory system.

Treatment and Prevention

Yet this is not a serious, in fact animals are not likely to be depressed, so many of them heal on its own without treatment. However, in many cases, it is necessary to give antibiotic therapy and anti-inflammatory during the early days. 7 days if no improvement is noted, especially in puppies, additional tests should be made to prevent the process from getting worse.

Although this is, as stated above, a mild process should prevent them from occurring by eliminating the risk factors and using vaccines, especially in communities. The vaccination plan is to start 60 days of life of the animal and will continue annually.

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Sunday, January 17, 2010

The Dog Flu

The Dog Flu

Like humans, dogs also have their own "Flu" called as Dog Flu or canine infectious tracheobronchitis, as contagious as human but against which vaccination is specifically only just over 1 percent of these animals. This disease does not cause zoonoses and therefore are not transmitted to humans, but their virus could cause distress to people who are immuno-suppressed. The expert believed that vaccination against this disease is recommended to avoid complications and said that most of multivalent vaccines that are administered today already cover tracheobronchitis.

According to the expert, the current heptavalent and pentavalent vaccines that protect against hepatitis, distemper, leptospirosis and parvovirus also do so against the Dog Flu, a detail that many owners are unknown.

Canine infectious tracheobronchitis occurs in areas with large concentrations of dogs, such as farms, residences and even parks and plazas, the mode of transmission of this disease is through sneezing and saliva. According to a report of a veterinary drug manufacturing laboratories, nearly 90 percent of domestic dogs live under the same roof as their masters. The 20 percent of those pets sleep in the same bed with her owner, while 26 percent do so in the same room and 43 percent in some other room in the house

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Friday, January 15, 2010

Dog Flu Illness

Dog Flu Illness

What about our dogs? Can contracting or spreading the H1N1 virus among themselves or with members of the human family? Most likely the answer is no. This is not an absolute answer, because the viruses have the ability to mutate, but historically not known the dog flu transmission to humans (or vice versa).

The AVMA states that to date there is no evidence that domestic animals are susceptible to this new strain of influenza, as it only spreads from person to person or from human to pig. Still not enough information so that we know for sure if the virus can spread to other animals.

The best advice is to always follow common sense guidelines when it comes to animals (eg, handwashing). Furthermore, it is more important than ever that the owners are alerted the health of their dogs and consult your veterinarian if your dog shows any sign of illness. Keeping your pet healthy reduces the risk of disease.

A little more information about Dog Flu
There are two types of viruses that cause influenza: type A and type B.
Type B viruses circulate widely among humans.
Type A viruses are found in humans and many animals, and generally are species-specific strains. Dogs have their own version of influenza virus.

The canine influenza virus type A subtype H3N8. While dogs can become infected and ill with this strain of the virus, humans are not so similar to this species and to share this virus in its present form. and has not yet been informed of any cases yet that has spread to humans.

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Canine Influenza Treatment

Canine Influenza Treatment

Signs Of Canine Influenza: The signs in an infected dog are similar to Bordetella bronchiseptica bacterial infection commonly called Kennel Cough. Canine Cough and Infectious tracheobronchitis. Coughing and gagging for up to three weeks is seen in Canine Cough and in the newly emerging canine disease Canine Influenza. Fevers as high as 106 Fahrenheit  can occur. Increased signs of cough may be triggered by exercise or excitement. Nasal discharge may be evident, as well. The dog may act much quieter than usual or seem depressed and display a disinterest in its environment.

Treatment For Canine Influenza: Keep in mind that viruses are not usually affected by antibiotics used against bacterial infections. Antiviral drugs such as amantadine and Tamiflu have been used but are not licensed for use in dogs the information base on the success of antiviral therapy is still small. Antibiotics for both Gram negative and Gram positive organisms may be needed due to secondary invasion of damaged lung tissues from opportunistic bacteria. Fluid therapy for debilitated dogs could be required to give support to these patients while their own bodies create defensive immune factors to assist in warding off the infection. Older puppies and young dogs may be at greatest risk for treatment failure. X-rays may be needed to evaluate the severity of pneumonia. In spite of vigorous in-hospital therapy, some dogs simply will not respond and will succumb to the disease.

Tests For Canine Influenza:
Veterinarians can send blood samples for tests. Nasal swabs may be submitted to a veterinary pathologist for evaluation and virus isolation but the sample must be taken very early in the course of the infection, usually within 72 hours after signs develop in the dog. Any dog that displays a persistent coughing, hacking or gagging should be evaluated by a veterinarian. Coughing, hacking or gagging are actually non-specific signs and therefore can not be used to identify any single cause. Do not assume your dog has canine influenza just because it is showing signs of a respiratory disorder. These signs may be due to a variety of disorders such as tonsillitis, fungal disease such as Blastomycosis, Congestive Heart Failure, Heartworms, tumors, infiltrative immune disorders of the bronchial structures, foreign body obstruction and other disorders. A diagnostic workup may be needed to positively identify the cause of the dog's difficulty. Ask your veterinarian about vaccinating your dog against the Bordetella organism that is associated with Infectious tracheobronchitis (Kennel Cough), the common and familiar respiratory disorder Affecting unprotected dogs.

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Canine Influenza Is Canine Flu

Canine Influenza Is Canine Flu

Canine Influenza also called Canine Flu, is a newly identified disease of dogs. It can infect any breed of dog and dog appears to be similar to canine cough (also known as kennel cough or canine infectious tracheobronchitis). However, early studies indicate that canine influenza disease has been adapted in the dog of a common infection in horses. Canine influenza is a highly contagious and sometimes deadly is spreading in kennels and dog tracks around the some parts of the world.

It now seems to be so much hysteria and misinformation about this emerging infection in dogs as hard scientific evidence. The rumors of hundreds of dogs that are affected in kennels across the country are unsubstantiated. The best source of information on your local area regarding facts about canine flu is your local vet and its condition. Your veterinarian should be consulted for proper diagnosis, patient evaluation and individualized therapy for any disease or disorder your dog may have acquired. There are a different types of disorders and diseases that make a dog coughing and gagging and cutting. That is why the single charge for your dog is essential to discern the true cause of the difficulties of the dog.

How is separated: is spread most easily where numbers of dogs are kept close proximity but could also be passed in the street "or in kennels. It has been reported that kennel workers have Carried the virus home with them and infected other dogs. The fatality rate seems to be between 1 and 10 percent. Since it is such a new disease of dogs is difficult to forecast about the spread of the disease, severity in individual dogs, and what future numbers of cases may be seen. About 80 percent of dogs that are exposed to the canine influenza virus will develop some signs of illness. Because the dog population has such little natural immunity to this virus, potentially every dog exposed could be infected.

This is a newly emerging pathogen and we have very little information to make predictions about it. But the fatality rate is between 1 and 10 percent. Because dogs had no natural immunity to the virus, virtually every animal exposed would be infected. About 80 percent of dogs that are infected with the virus will develop symptoms, the symptoms were often mistaken for "kennel cough," a common canine illness that is caused by the bordetella bronchiseptica bacteria. Both diseases can cause coughing and gagging for up to three weeks, but dogs with canine flu may spike fevers as high as 106 degrees and have runny noses. A few will develop pneumonia, and some of those cases will be fatal. Antibiotics and fluid cut the pneumonia fatality rate.

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